Guthrie Genealogy



Guthries of Craigie / SCT / Middlesex VA / Worcester MD

When we think about our GUTHRIE surname and its potential Scottish origins, it is likely that we associate it with the GUTHRIES of GUTHRIE and the builders of GUTHRIE CASTLE in Forfar, Angus, Scotland. The DNA project results have revealed that people of GUTHRIE ancestry come from a variety of genetic origins, and are therefore not genetic descendants of the GUTHRIES of GUTHRIE. If any group can claim that connection at this time it is GFG1A. The GUTHRIE DNA PROJECT is fortunate to have a direct descendant of the GUTHRIES of CRAIGIE as a participant. This family, by its historical connections, descends from the GUTHRIES of GUTHRIE, so the results may be inferred as a match until subsequent DNA testing provides a second sample for confirmation.


Charles Ronald Llewelyn Guthrie, Baron of Craigiebank. Born into a Scottish landed family in 1938, Guthrie was the elder son of Ronald Guthrie and Nina Guthrie (nee Llewelyn).  During his military career he served with the Welsh Guards and the Special Air Service, and was closely involved in military operations in Northern Ireland and provided advice to the British Government during the Bosnian War and the Kosovo War. He was created a Life Peer (appointed members of the peerage whose titles cannot be inherited), as Baron Guthrie of Craigiebank, in the City of Dundee, in June 2001, and sits as a crossbencher in the House of Lords. (Source: Wikipedia)  


Descendants of the Guthrie of Craigie Lineages associated with Lord Charles' ancestry 

Descendants of John Guthrie d1706VA & Elizabeth Baskett of Middlesex County, Virginia - Multiple GFG1A matches and 2 mismatches from the same source (GFG1B)

Descendants of John S Guthrie b1815MD & Euphemia Jones. These are the "Snow Hill Guthries" of Worcester County, MD. - GFG1A match

Descendants of Patrick Guthrie & Agnes Foord of 1700s Scotland - GFG1A match

We are fortunate to have Lord Charles Ronald Llewellyn Guthrie, Baron of Craigiebank, as a volunteer participant in the Guthrie DNA Project. His Y-DNA is a match for Guthrie Family Group 1A. The baron’s title is a modern one, and gives homage to his ancestors who lived at Craigie. The paper trail of his ancestral line is that of the Guthries of Craigie, which are in turn connected to the Guthries of Guthrie.

John Guthrie was born in Scotland during the mid-1600s. His parents’ identies remain unknown. He may have immigrated to Christ Church Parish, Middlesex County, Virginia by the 1670s. His marriage to Elizabeth Basket occurred on 6 Feb 1686. The parish register credits them with 5 children: Ann, John, Richard, Masey, and Mary. Of the sons, only John’s lineage has been traced. John Guthrie (Jr) 1689VA-1733VA was married 3 times and produced children with wife Jane Mitcham and wife Mary Shay.

Patrick Guthrie was born and died in Scotland. His wife was Agnes Foord. They had 5 known children: Jannet, Patrick, Barbara, Anna, and James, all born between 1729 and 1739. One participant from this line is in the DNA project. He descends from their son Patrick Guthrie 1731SCT-dSCT & Margaret Smith. The family remained in Scotland until the late 1800s or early 1900s when William Petrie Guthrie settled in Belfast, Antrim, Northern Ireland. William’s son, Frederick Lewis Guthrie immigrated to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1906.

GUTHRIE-JONES (aka Guthrie of Snow Hill MD)
John S Guthrie was born about 1815 in Worcester County, MD. He was a bootmaker. He married Euphemia ‘Fammie’ Jones in 1841. They lived in the area of Worcester County known as Snow Hill. They had 7 children: Martha, Nelson Gray, John James, May, Nancy, Ama, and Annie. There are several other families believed to be interrelated living in the Snow Hill area.

Benjamin Guthrie, born 1791-1794 in South Carolina is believed to be the son of James Guthrie 1756-1837, who is a descendant of Garritt Guthrie, and therefore a descendant of John Guthrie & Elizabeth Baskett. So far the documentation to prove that theory is lacking. However, the Y-DNA of a descendant matches GFG1A, so while the genetics cannot prove the specific parent-child connection, neither can they disprove the theory behind it. Benjamin likely married sometime prior to 1820 when his first known child was born. The family lived in Laurens County, South Carolina in the 1820s, was living in Troup County, Georgia in the early 1830s, and then moved to Chambers County, Alabama. The identity of Benjamin’s wife is unknown. Children: James Edward, William H, Martha Ann, John Harris, Eliza Jane, Joshua, Thomas Sanford (YDNA/FF), Barbara V, Rebecca, Caroline, Matthew William, and Harriette.

This participant’s known ancestors are all of the Godfrey spelling, although his Y-DNA is a match for GFG1A. Although the Godfrey spelling is sometimes found in lieu of Guthrie in early records, it is very rare and almost always an error. The name Godfrey has separate origins and is a surname in its own right. Chances are that this is an example of an adpotion or paternal event in past generations rather than an alteration of the Guthrie name. This person’s furthest known Godfrey was William Godfrey, born in PA c1800 and d in IN.

There are two Marshall surname matches at the Y67 level. No family trees attached. Most likely Guthrie DNA introduced to the Marshall line by a paternal event or adoption. 

There is one Salkeld match at the Y67 level and another at Y37 (participant did not upgrade to Y67). The latter names ancestor William Salkeld 1783-1840, and the former a Nicholas Salkeld born c1100-1135. Both are more examples of potential paternal events or adoptions.


One theory about Guthrie Family Group 1A is that it descends from the original Guthrie lineage stretching back to Alexander Guthrie 1st of Kincladrum who in 1446 obtained a charter to the lands of Kincaldrum in the Barony of Lower Leslie and the Sheriffdom of Forfar. This line is (for the most part) well documented, and the lands and titles purchased, obtained or granted are traceable to those who have inherited them. 

This is the lineage connected to the Guthries of Guthrie, the Guthries of Gaigie, the Guthries of Taybank, and the Guthries of Craigie spelled out in that ancient rhyme. One must keep in mind that there is potentially a difference between historical documentation and genetic ancestry. Through paper trails and research, we have a historical ancestral tree for Guthrie Family Group 1A. The DNA Project reveals a genetic profile for those Guthrie families who share a common ancestry, and in the case of GFG1A, proves a genetic connection to a man with a documented historical ancestry with the Guthries of Craigie.

The generous donation of a DNA sample by Lord Charles Ronald Llewellyn Guthrie, Baron of Craigiebank, has allowed other members of GFG1A to prove that they share a common paternal line ancenstor.

So, for example, if John Guthrie of Middlesex County, Virginia, was born in the mid-late 1600s, his common ancestor with Lord Charles would not be found in the 1700s. Looking at his lineage one finds James Guthrie 1698-1788, 1st Baron of Craigie, (Elizabeth Gardyne). This is probably too late. The next earlier generation is that of James Guthrie 1669-1711 (Christian Scott). Again, probably too late. He seems to be of the same generation as John Guthrie of Middlesex, VA. The next earlier generation is that of John Guthrie 1631-1666, Minister in Arbirlot (Isobel Lamb) . They actually had a son named John Guthrie born 5 Apr 1664, who was a merchant, and is known to have had 2 daughters by the names of Isobel and Margaret. This seems like a good place to start, keeping in mind that the Most Recent Common Ancestor could still be several generations back.

The Y-DNA can predict genetic distance or the likely number of generations separating two men from their Most Recent Common Ancestor. The genetic distance between Lord Charles and our Project Admin, Larry Guthrie, for example, is 3. FTDNA’s Y67 Interpretation Chart lists a Genetic Distance of 3 or 4 indicates that the two individuals are “related” and share a common ancestor within a genealogical timeframe, but “probably not extremely recent”.

The following is intended for comparison at the Y111 level, so consider that Lord Charles and Larry might have additional variances at Y68-111 that we do not know about. Others from GFG1A who have Y111 tests have an additional 1 – 5 variances in that section.

Genetic Distance=3 at Y-111 markers indicates the Most Recent Common Ancestor lived within _X_ Generations or Less
      6 Generations / 50% Confident that common ancestor lived within 6 generations
     10 Generations / 90% Confident that common ancestor lived within 10 generations
     11 Generations / 95% Confident that common ancestor lived within 10 generations
     14 Generations / 99% Confident that common ancestor lived within 10 generations

Based on what we know of Lord Charles’ lineage, there are 9-10 generations separating him from any potential common ancestor with Larry, which hits this chart right at the 90% mark, just to give you an idea how these estimates work.

So now we know that GFG1A’s connection with the Guthrie line reaches to a timeframe before the creation of James Guthrie 1740-1830 as 1st Baron of Craigie, with the first man as a potential common ancestor being John Guthrie 1631-1666, the Minister of Arbirlot. 

What about the other branch progenitors from GFG1A?

At the Y67 level, Patrick Guthrie’s descendant is a genetic distance of 6 from Lord Charles, so it appears that his Most Recent Common Ancestor is even more distant than Larry's.

We don’t have DOB-DOD for Patrick Guthrie who married Agnes Foord, although we do know that their son Patrick Guthrie was born in 1731 in Scotland. Chances are that Patrick Sr was born in the late 1600s to early 1700s. This also makes John Guthrie 1631-1666 the latest possible candidate to be a common ancestor to Lord Charles, but John & Isobel had no known sons named Patrick. John’s grandfather was actually named Patrick. He was born about 1550 and died in 1614. It seems like a good bet that our participant’s ancestor Patrick might be descended from one of his sons. Are any of these lines traceable?

Children of Patrick Guthrie 1550-1614 and Margaret Raitt: David Guthrie 1575-1650 (Children?) John Guthrie, Bishop of Moray, 11th Laird Guthrie (Had a son Patrick who died before 14years of age) Charles Guthrie born c1583 (Children?) James Guthrie, Minister in Kinnell then Arbirlot (Direct ancestor of Lord Charles) Helen Guthrie (N/A – A female Guthrie does not have Y-DNA) William Guthrie born c1595 (Children?)

The Guthries of Snow Hill, Worcester County, MD might be descendants of John Guthrie & Elizabeth Baskett of Middlesex County, VA, or they might have come over on a separate voyage to America. That determination must be made before considering where he fits on the Guthrie Family Tree. The participant has only taken a Y37 marker test, so genetic distance comparisons are less accurate.

At this time we do not have a 2nd Guthrie in the project who can positively trace his lineage back to the Guthries of Guthrie and provide documented evidence. Additional participants from well documented lines are needed in order to determine that genetic identity of GFG1A is the same along more than one branch.