Born: 14 April 1744
Location: Pennsylvania (Unproven)
Marriage: 13 March 1771
Military Service: Revolutionary War
Died: 1 June 1823
Location: Piketon, Pike, Ohio
Burial: Mound Cemetery, Piketon, Pike, Ohio
Born: 16 Feb 1755
Location: Pennsylvania (Unproven)
Sons: William, Archibald, John, Francis, George, Aaron, Moses, Joseph
Daughters: Elisabeth, Priscilla, Rebecca, Lydia
Died: 14 July 1816
Location: Piketon, Pike, Ohio
Burial: Mound Cemetery, Piketon, Pike, Ohio.
1744: BIRTH of JOHN GUTHERY
John was born 14 April 1744. His birth date is recorded in the Guthery Family Bible. At this point there is no real proof of his parents' names, but he indicated in his Rev War Pension papers that his parents were of Scotch-Irish origin. See Origin Theories for more potential clues. The American Genealogical-Biographical Index lists 3 possibilities for his birthplace: Virginia, Pennsylvania, Ohio. The latter can likely be ruled out as it wasn't even in the picture back in 1744. The Northwest Territory is, however, important in John's late life.
1755: BIRTH of LYDIA BALDWIN
The Guthery Family Bible spells her name Lidya, so you may see it with either variant spelling in the documentation below. Lydia was born on 16 Feb 1755 according to the Guthery Family Bible. The date is there, but not the names of her parents or the location of her birth. Other sources reveal that Lydia was the daughter of Francis Baldwin & Charity Harlan-Hackney of Greene, Pennsylvania. However, the county of Greene was not formed from Washington County until 1796. Washington was formed from Westmoreland in 1781, but it was also within the zone claimed by Virginia.
When John & Lydia were born (1744 & 1755) the lands that would become Greene, PA were not even a part of the western frontier. They may have been included in the far reaches of Cumberland County, PA, but the Virginia colony's borders did not yet include the territory that would later be divided between PA & WV unless it was included in some wide expanse of NW Augusta County, VA.
1770: PROPERTY RECORDS of WASHINGTON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA (LAND WARRANT)
On 1 Nov 1770 a warrant was issued for an area of 'bottom land' in the name of Lydia Baldwin, called 'Lydia's Bottom', at the mouth of Big Whitley Creek on the Monangahela River. This was adjacent the site of Greensboro. This land was later patented by John & Lydia Guthery on 17 April 1792 where upon they lived and Fort Guthery was maintained from 1776-1783 and it was here they lived until they migrated to Ohio. The John Guthery-Lydia Baldwin patent contained 321 acres.
1771: MARRIAGE of JOHN GUTHERY & LYDIA BALDWIN
John & Lydia married on 13 March 1771
1772: RESIDENCE at SPRINGHILL, BEDFORD, VIRGINIA
A year or so after their marriage, John & Lydia settled on the Monangahela near the mouth of Big Whitley Creek. Initially part of Virginia, the area was in dispute bet. VA & PA. Eventually fell into area of Washington, PA, which later divided and became Greene County, PA.
Source: The Tenmile Country and Its Pioneers, by Howard L. Leckey
"John Guthery(Guthrie, Gutherie, Guthrey, Gutrey) one of the prominent pioneer settlers on the Monongahela, settled near the mouth of the Big Whiteley Creek before 1772, where his name is found as an "inmate" or boarder in the Springhill Township, Bedford County tax lists for 1772."
1772: BIRTH of SON, WILLIAM GUTHERY
Bible records show William's birth was on 4 Jan 1772. Based on the Tax List of Springhill Twp, Bedford, Virginia, the Gutherys were living there at the time. He married Catherine Theobald in 1793. They had 3 sons and 3 daughters. William died in 1829 in Vermillion, Illinois. He is a direct ancestor of our DNA project participant: Lon Kenneth David Guthrie.
1774: BIRTH of SON, ARCHIBALD GUTHERY
Bible records show Archibald's birth was on 20 Jan 1774. According to 'The Tenmile Country', Archibald married Rachel Hudson, daughter of William and Mary Hudson. Online trees list a variety of death dates & locations including a possibility of death during service in the Black Hawk War. No further details known.
1776: BIRTH of SON, JOHN GUTHERY
Bible records show that John's birth was on 25 Oct 1776. He died intestate in 1824 in Pike County, Ohio.
1776: MILITARY SERVICE (RECRUITMENT)
John Guthery was recruited & enlisted in Capt. Wilson's Company of 8th Pennsylvania Regiment of the Continental Line. This regiment was recruited at Fort Pitt and included many men from the Monangahela area.
1776-1777 MILITARY SERVICE
Assembled at Kittanning in the fall of 1776 and marched from there in January 1777 to join Washington's army at Quibbletown, NJ. This march in midwinter was a terrible ordeal and many of the men died from exposure, including an Archibald Guthery, Sr.
1776-1783: MILITARY SERVICE: GUTHERY'S FORT
Elected captain of a militia company from his district on Big Whiteley Creek and according to William Harrod Jr. in his interview with L. C. Draper, maintained one of the protective forts of the section, named Guthery's Fort or Fort Guthery. It was located beside the Monangahela River near the mouth of Big Whitley. (See 1780 map of George Washington).
Source: 'The Guthrie Family of Greene County, Pennsylvania' by Mary Gray May.
"The militia was the Minute Men of the region. They were subject to call without previous notice and many of them saw more rigorous service than the Continental regulars. They consisted of boys from the ages of fourteen to the early twenties largely, commanded by the older men, though boys not yet in their teens were sent out on scouting expeditions, with more mature members of the militia, along the wilderness trail to reconnoiter and report back to the neighborhood forts any news of an impending uprising. The discipline was loose and time of service was short. If they grew tired of the life or if they were needed back home, they simply went home and the term "deserter" did not convey a sense of ignominy that it does today. No disgrace was attached to it. Our John Guthery as Captain of one of these Battalions was very active both in maintaining the fort near his home and in acting as leader in scouting expeditions, or, as it was also called with perfectly honorable significance.........spying."
1777: THE BATTLE of BRANDYWINE, CHADDS FORD, PENNSYLVANIA
On 11 Sep 1777, John took part in the Battle of Brandywine, which was a decisive victory for the British, left Philadelphia, the revolutionary capital, undefended. The British captured the city on September 26, beginning an occupation that would last until June
1778: BIRTH & DEATH of SON, FRANCIS GUTHERY
Bible records show that Francis was born on 1 Jan 1778. Francis died in infancy. (Source: The Tenmile Country)
1778: MILITARY SERVICE
Colonel Broadhead's expedition against the Indians at Coschocton and on the Muskingum River (Ohio)
1778: MILITARY SERVICE: PROMOTION to ENSIGN
While at Fort Macintosh John Guthery was made an ensign on December 21st, 1778. (For a complete record of this regiment see Pennsylvania Archives, Series V. vol. 3, pp. 305-376.)
1779: BIRTH of SON, GEORGE GUTHERY
Bible records show that George was born on 26 March 1779. George married Sarah Howard. 4 children. He was living in Seal, Pike, Ohio in 1820 and 1830. No further details.
1780: GEORGE WASHINGTON'S MAP
This is a potentially important historical map because it demonstrates just how close in proximity the Guthries of Branch D were living in relation to those of Branch B. Keep in mind that it could be the scale of the map, but you can interpret it and decide if I'm seeing things that aren't there.
This map of the "Land Abt. Redstone and Fort Pitt" was given to George Washington by Capt. Crawford and contains Washington's annotations. Click to see the full map.
A: Guthrie (Guthrie's Fort) - associated with Branch D
B: Dunlap's Creek - associated with Branch B
C: Whitley Creek - associated with Branch D
D: Laurel Hill - associated with Branch B
1781: WASHINGTON COUNTY PENNSYLVANIA FORMATION
1781: GREENSBORO TOWNSITE LAID OUT
John Guthery's brother-in-law, Elias Stone, laid out the townsite of Greensboro. It was first called Greensburg, but changed to Greensboro to avoid confusion with the Greensburg of Westmoreland County, PA. John & Lydia's land at 'Lydia's Bottom' was adjacent to the townsite. (Source: Guthrie Family of Greene County, Pennsylvania)
1781: BIRTH of DAUGHTER, ELIZABETH GUTHERY
Elizabeth was documented in the family bible as being born on 26 March 1781. Elizabeth married Jonathan Clark. No further details.
1782: MILITARY SERVICE
First Battalion, Washington County. Recruited in Whiteley and Greene townships (Greene County not formed until 1800)
1783: BIRTH of DAUGHTER, PRISCILLA GUTHERY
Birth records show that Priscilla was born on 16 January 1783. She married William Collings on 19 Feb 1807 in Ross, Ohio. No further details.
1784: BIRTH of SON, AARON GUTHERY
Aaron was documented in the family bible with a birth date of 31 Dec 1784. He was enumerated as a Head of Household in Pike County in 1820, with a wife and 3 daughters. Also living next door to his brother Moses at the time. 'The Tenmile Country' names Aaron's wife as Nancy Howard. Known children: Hannah, William, and Alfred Guthery, the two boys being born in 1821 and 1825 respectively. Aaron became the Pike County Sheriff for a time, but died in office in 1825. Aaron is the ancestor of DNA Project Participant Neil Lewin Guthrie.
1786: BIRTH of DAUGHTER, REBEKAH GUTHERY
1792: PROPERTY RECORDS of WASHINGTON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA (LAND PATENT)
See 1770 Land Warrant. Property located at 'Lydia's Bottom', Mouth of Big Whitley Creek, Monangahela River. Adj. Greensboro. Original Warrant issued to Lydia Baldwin in 1770. Patent issued to John & Lydia Guthery. Fort Guthery was built on this property and maintained until 1783 and it was here that John & Lydia Guthery lived until they moved to Ohio. They also attended the church at Big Whitley Creek as it was near their home.
1794: BIRTH of DAUGHTER, LYDIA GUTHERY
Birth records show that Lydia was born on 17 October 1794. Census records indicate that she was born in Pennsylvania, which is significant because we don't know the exact date the Guthrey family moved to Ohio. Lydia married William D. Peters. They had 10 children. William died before Lydia. She was listed as the Head of Household in the 1850 Census of Seal, Pike, Ohio. In 1860 & 1870, she was listed as living in the household of her daughter & son-in-law, the Bliss family. Lydia died between 1870 and 1880. She is buried in Haskins Cemetery.
"After selling his lands in Greene County, Pennsylvania, by a number of deeds of record, he moved by flatboat down the Monongahela and Ohio Rivers to where Portsmouth now stands, and then up the Scioto River to his claim in what is now Pike County, Ohio."
"Most of these families (including Guthrie) first came into "the prairie" about 1797."
UNKNOWN DATES: PIONEER of PIKETON
Mary Gray May's book credits John with the laying out of the town of Piketon and being instrumental in making it the county seat; years afterward the county seat was moved to Waverly. See History of Piketon.
1800: RESIDENCE in OHIO
There is no 1800 US Census for Ohio.
1816: DEATH of LYDIA BALDWIN GUTHERY
Lydia died on 14 July 1816. She is buried at Mound Cemetery, Piketon, Pike, Ohio.
1823: DEATH of Lt. Col. JOHN GUTHERY
John died on 1 June 1823. Buried at Mound Cemetery, Piketon, Pike, Ohio.