Birth: 24 October 1757
Birth Location: Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, USA
Parents: William Guthrie & Elizabeth Barnett
Marriage: 9 March 1780
Death: 13 April 1838
Death Location: Franklin, Williamson, Tennessee, USA
Birth: 2 Dec 1760
Birth Location: Lancaster County, South Carolina, USA
Known Children: 6 sons and 1 daughter
Death: 5 January 1845
Death Location: Franklin, Williamson, Tennessee, USA
Guthrie Family Group 2A - Cluster 1 - Branch B
Ancestor of Project Participant: Larry Lee Guthrie Sr
1756: BIRTH of ROBERT GUTHRIE
Robert Guthrie was born either 24 October in 1757. The location is believed to be Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, but that is unconfirmed. His mother's family, the Barnetts, were living in Cumberland County during the time.
Affadavit by Robert Guthrie on 1 September 1832, aged 75, "I was born 1757. I lived in Camden District until 1788 when I moved to Kentucky, living two years in Lincoln County, two or three years in […?] County and in Madison 8 or 9 years when I moved to Williamson County, Tennessee where I have been living ever since and now live. I have a record of my age in my bible at home taken from my father’s family bible."
1760: BIRTH of MARY TAYLOR
The identity of Mary Taylor's parents is unknown. According to online trees list Mary Taylor's birthplace as Lancaster County, South Carolina, source data unknown. Her birth date of 2 December 1760 is taken from the family bible record inserted into Robert's Revolutionary War Pension Application.
c1771: EMIGRATION from PA to SC
Robert's father, William Guthrie, had received a land grant in the Waxhaws Settlement as early as 1771. Wikipedia: The Waxhaws region is in the Piedmont region of North and South Carolina, southwest of the Uwharrie Mouthains. The region encompasses an area just south of Charlotte, NC to Lancaster, SC; and from Monroe, NC in the east to the Catawba River in the west. The region is generally forrested and hilly, but not mountainous. About 1740 European immigrants, mostly Scots-Irish and German, began to settle the area. What is now called the Old Waxhaw Presbyterian Church was built in 1752. During the American Revolution, settlers in the Waxhaws fiercely resisted the British, notably under the command of Col William Davie. British General Cornwallis briefly occupied the city of Charlotte -- which was then and still is the largest city/settlement in the Waxhaws region -- but was driven out soon afterward by hostile residents and local settlers from the surrounding areas. Cornwallis later wrote that Charlotte was "a hornet's nest of rebellion," and Charlotte still bears the nickname 'The Hornet's Nest.'
According to Robert's own testimony he lived in the Camden District of South Carolina. This district came into being in 1769, a large area bounded by the Lynches River on the east, the Broad and Congaree Rivers on the west, extending from the North Carolina state line roughly 2/3 of the way to the coast where it was bounded by the Georgetown District.
4 MAY 1771 - Tract granted to William Guthrie
Lancaster County Deed Book A (Continued from p.165.) - SCMAR, Vol. I, Fall 1973, No. 4, p.206, Pages 216-218. James Guthrie and Jane his wife of Lancaster County, S. C., planter, convey to Richard Wright of the county & state aforesaid, planter, for 80 pounds, 194 acres of land in the Waxhaw Settlement, adjoining Douglass's Land, and Robert Guthries Land, being part of a tract first granted to William Guthrie 4 May 1771, which said tract the above named William Guthrie by his Will devised to his beloved son James Guthrie. 2 Oct. 1787.
1776: MILITARY SERVICE in the REVOLUTIONARY WAR
Robert Guthrie served as a Private on several tours, both drafted and as a volunteer, during the South Carolina Campaign of the Revolutionary War.
As part of his Pension Application, Robert testified on 1 September 1832, "I was living in the Waxhaw settlement Camden District S Carolina when i first entered the service being drafted to go down towards Charleston where the British were expected. I did not go on this expedition in consequence of a proposition made that any who would go on an other expedition against the indians who were doing great damage in a place called Fair Forest might be exempted from the first expedition. I agreed to this proposition. I was drafted for a tour of three months. I entered in the company of Capt James Adams in my nineteenth year in 1776. We were marched to a place called (Poince's?) Fort where we guarded the country from Indian depredations. After putting down the Indians we were marched home. I did not get a discharge for this 3 month tour. I remained at home until the year 1788...."
Interesting Site: South Carolina - The American Revolution
1778: MILITARY SERVICE in the REVOLUTIONARY WAR
"I remained at home until the year 1788 when i was drafted again to go against the British who had possession of Savannah city Georgia. In this tour of three months I entered into Capt Montgomery's Company and he marched us from Camden District to Purysburgh where General Lincoln commanded a division. I was in Colonel Joseph Cashaw’s regiment. At Purysburgh we lay stationed in order to prevent the British from the Georgia side crossing over into South Carolina. At the expiration of this tour of three months I returned home where I remained until Charleston fell into the possession of the British, on which event taking place the whole state of S. Carolina was continually infested with the ravages and depredations of the Tories who rose on all sides and all places and being well acquainted with the country and sometimes under the mask of Whigs, done more damage than the British. I was continually in the service from Charleston’s falling into the possession of the British until Sumpter’s defeat which was a few weeks after Gates’ defeat; which time I think was about three months."
1780: MARRIAGE of WILLIAM GUTHRIE and MARY TAYLOR
See Bible Records in Section Below.
1780-1781: MILITARY SERVICE in the REVOLUTIONARY WAR
July 31 or August 1, 1780: The Battle of Rocky Mount
"I cannot recollect every circumstance at this time which took place, but can state some of the events. I was at the battle of Rocky Mount where a considerable body of British and Tories under Col. Turnbul were posted. I had entered Capt. Coffee’s company which was attached to Col. Cashaw’s regiment in which Robert Crawford was Major. I was marched to Rocky Mount, and General Sumpter commanded us in that engagement. We were repulsed with considerable loss. From this place General Sumpter marched to Land’s Ford on the Catawby[?] River where laying some time with his men, he crossed that river and marched to the Hanging Rock where he was defeated. I was not in the battle of the Hanging Rock being sick at that time.
After Sumpter’s defeat I was frequently in scouting parties against the Tories who still, at every opportunity, infested the country. I was sometimes under Captain Coffee and sometimes under, I think, Captain Kimbrol. We went about this country and prevented the Tories from doing damage. I think the whole of my service after Sumpter’s defeat amounted to at least six months."
1783: BIRTH of DAUGHTER, ELIZABETH GUTHRIE
Some online trees indicate that Robert & Mary's eldest child was born in Kentucky, but Robert's own testimony indicates that he was a resident of Camden District, South Carolina until 1788. Elizabeth was born on 20 February 1783. She emigrated with her parents and younger brothers to Kentucky and in 1799 to Williamson County, TN. She married John M Geery in Williamson County, TN on 9 December 1805. They had 6 children born between 1806 - 1817: William, Robert, Mary, Catharine, Margaret and John Gideon Blackburn Geery. Their eldest son William died at 10 years of age on 11 Nov 1816. Soon afterward the family emigrated from Kentucky to Pike County, Missouri where Elizabeth died of an unknown illness on 2 September 1820. John, then a widower with 5 children ranging in age between 3 and 11, continued to work his new farmland. He remarried on 21 March 1822 to Elizabeth Hicklin, but she died about 8 years later leaving him once again a widower. His third marriage was to another woman of the same given name: Elizabeth Costly (or Causton) on 11 Oct 1831. There were no children to either his 2nd or 3rd marriages. After this Elizabeth died about 10 years after their marriage, on 19 Oct 1842, John married yet again, this time to his fourth and final wife, named Jane Pittman. Their marriage took place on 31 Oct 1844. John died on the family farm on 6 July 1860.
1784: WITNESS to WILL of WILLIAM BARNETT
William Barnett was Robert Guthrie's uncle, the brother of his mother Elizabeth (Barnett) Guthrie.
1785: CAMDEN DISTRICT SUBDIVIDED INTO COUNTIES
The Counties of York, Chester, Fairfield, Lancaster, Richland, Claremont, and Clarendon were formed from the Camden District. In 1791 the counties of York and Chester were removed from the Camden District and became part of the Pinckney District and Kershaw County was created out of the lower portion of Lancaster County. Then, in 1800, most of the counties were transformed into districts, and the Camden District vanished from the map.
1785: BIRTH of SON, WILLIAM FORGUISON GUTHRIE
William was born on 14 September 1785 in Camden District, South Carolina, the eldest son of Robert & Mary (Taylor) Guthrie. The spelling of his middle name is taken directly from the Guthrie Family Bible Records (see below). As a young child he moved with his parents and siblings to Kentucky in 1788 and to Tennessee in 1799 where the family settled in Williamson County. William married Mary Hodge Slaughter, the daughter of Francis and Sarah (Hodge) Slaughter, in Davidson County, TN on 17 October 1811 (Alt: 14th). They were the parents to nine children born between 1812-1836: Sallie Hodge Guthrie, James Blackburn Guthrie, Polly Taylor Guthrie, George H Guthrie, William A.L. Guthrie, Robert Guthrie, William Francis Guthrie, Amanda Priscilla Guthrie, and John Henry Guthrie. Sometime between 1830-40 they moved from Williamson County to Henry County, TN. William died in Paris, Henry, TN on 10 Oct 1855. He is buried at Chapel Hill Cemetery. William's descendant Larry Lee Guthrie, Sr is a participant in the Guthrie DNA Project.
1787: WITNESS to SALE of PROPERTY
The last Will and Testament of his father, William Guthrie, had devised property to his eldest son James Guthrie, which included the 194 acre tract in Lancaster County that James sold in 1787 to Richard Wright. Robert Guthrie signed as a witness to the deed.
1787: BIRTH of SON, JAMES GUTHRIE
James Guthrie was born on 4 December 1787 in South Carolina. This likely would have been the family's last winter in the Camden District. He emigrated to Kentucky as an infant under 1 year of age and then to Tennessee in 1799. He was only 16 at the time of his death on 9 July 1804, probably in Williamson County, Tennessee. Cause of death unknown.
1788: COURT APPEARANCE
On 14 April 1788 he appeared before Justice John Craig to provide his oath on the signatures of James & Jane Guthrie on the property sale he witnessed the previous year to Richard Wright. This is Robert's last documented event in SC.
1788: EMIGRATED from SC to KY
"I lived in Camden District until 1788 when I moved to Kentucky living in Lincoln County, two or three years, in Mercer County and Madison County 8 or 9 years when I moved to Williamson County Tennessee where I have been living ever since."
1790: KENTUCKY COMPILED CENSUS and CENSUS SUBSTITUTE of LINCOLN COUNTY, KY
There is no official 1790 Federal Census. The listing for Robert Guthrey in Lincoln County, KY is taken from a 1790 Tax List.
1790: BIRTH of SON, ROBERT GUTHRIE
Robert Guthrie was born on 2 March 1790, the first of Robert & Mary's children to be born in Kentucky. This probably would have been in Lincoln County as his father had testified living there from 1788 to 1790 or 1791. He married Matilda Hill Maury about 18 January 1816 in Williamson County, TN. Early that year Robert & Matilda moved to Saint Louis, Missouri where he served in the Dragoons, the frontier rangers of Missouri. Afterwards, they settled on Peruque Creek, about 12 miles west of St Charles and lived there the remainder of their lives. They were parents to 12 children: Mary Diana Guthrie, Eliza Lowis Guthrie, Harriet Guthrie, (Infant) Guthrie, Richard M Guthrie, John Minor Guthrie, Matthew Fontaine Guthrie, Nathaniel Guthrie, Robert Maury Guthrie, Cornelia Jeanneta Guthrie, Maury Guthrie, and Richard Guthrie. Robert and Mary died within a few months of each other in 1846. The cause of their deaths is unproven, but cholera was rampant in the mid-late 1840s. However, it was not until the spring and summer of 1849, three years after their deaths, that a cholera outbreak reached epidemic proportions, killing 5,000 people. Matilda died on 25 May 1846 and Robert on 15 November 1846. At the time of their deaths their children ranged from age 6 - 29.
Title: Saint Louis in 1846. Artist: Henry Lewis (1819-1904)
1793: BIRTH of SON, SAMUEL TAYLOR GUTHRIE
Samuel Taylor Guthrie was born in either Mercer or Madison County, Kentucky on 3 June 1793. Samuel emigrated from KY to Callaway County, Missouri in 1819. He married Sally Phillips in Boone, Missouri on 27 December 1821. They settled on the present site of the town of Guthrie, Callaway, Missouri and raised a family of 14 children: James Perry Guthrie, Robert Ewing Guthrie, Addison Taylor Guthrie, Mary Jane Guthrie, Samuel Newton Guthrie, Thomas Franklin Guthrie, Martha Ann Guthrie, Sarah Elizabeth Guthrie, Margaret Guthrie, Nancy Caroline Guthrie, John Appleton Guthrie, Harriet Eliza Guthrie, David Baxter Guthrie, and Charles Phillips Guthrie. Samuel was the first county coroner in 1821. He died there on 24 April 1872 at the age of 79 less than 2 months before the town of Guthrie was founded. (See History of Guthrie.) His wife Sally survived him. She died on 28 Aug 1884. They are buried in Guthrie Cemetery.
1796: BIRTH of SON, DAVID HOUSTON GUTHRIE
David Houston Guthrie was born in Madison County, Kentucky on 19 October 1796. Three years later the family moved to Williamson County, Tennessee where David grew to manhood. He married Sarah Venable Carter on 11 May 1818. They were parents to eight children born 1819-1831: Sophia Guthrie, Henry Cook Guthrie, John Washington Guthrie, Abram Guthrie, David Guthrie, Sally Cook Guthrie, Alexander C Guthrie, and Mary Amanda Guthrie. Like many of the men in this SC/KY/TN Guthrie line, David was a documented slave owner. There is no descendant representing this line in the DNA Project.
1799: EMIGRATED from KY to TN
After living in Kentucky for about 10 years Robert and Mary moved their family to Williamson County, Tennessee being attracted by the newly opened settlement of rich lands in that region. He acquired property in the area of Franklin, Williamson, Tennessee and lived there nearly forty years.
1803: BIRTH of SON, JACOB FINLEY GUTHRIE
Every census record where birth location is listed indicates that Jacob's birthplace was Kentucky, but according to all family-related documentation the Guthries were already living in Williamson County, TN. Jacob Finley (or Findley) Guthrie was born on 15 September 1803. He married Nancy W Orton in Williamson, TN on 9 Dec 1826. Jacob was a shoemaker and tanner. Prior to the Civil War his real estate was worth 8,500 and personal property 13,411. By 1870 his real estate was worth only 2,000 and personal property 5,000. I cannot locate Jacob's 1840 or 1850 Census Records, but it does not appear that he and his wife had any children.
1804: DEATH of SON, JAMES GUTHRIE
James Guthrie was only 16 at the time of his death on 9 July 1804.
1805: TAX RECORDS of WILLIAMSON COUNTY, TN
Robert Guthrie - 1 Free Poll - 2 Slaves
1810: TAX RECORDS of WILLIAMSON COUNTY, TN
Robert Guthrie - Polls/Slaves: 5; Land: 1 25 (Unclear with this transcription what category the property numbers belong)
1820: CENSUS of FRANKLIN, WILLIAMSON, TENNESSEE, USA
ROBERT GUTHRIE HOUSEHOLD: 1M & 1F 45+, 1M 16-25, 1M 16-18; 3 in Agriculture; 3 slaves: 1F 45+, 1M & 1F 26-44.
1820: DEATH of DAUGHTER, ELIZABETH GUTHRIE GEERY
Elizabeth died in Missouri on 2 Sep 1820. She was buried in New Londond, Ralls County, Missouri.
1830: CENSUS OF FRANKLIN, WILLIAMSON, TENNESSEE, USA
ROBERT GUTHRIE HOUSEHOLD: 1M & 1F 70-79; Slaves: 1F 55-99; 1M 36-54; 1F 24-35.
1832: AFFIDAVIT of ROBERT GUTHRIE
Robert Guthrie, 75, provided an affadavit regarding his Revolutionary War Service. At the time he stated, I hereby relinquish every claim whatever to a pension or annuity except the present and declare my name is not on the pension roll of the agency of any state." After his death his wife Mary Taylor Guthrie made application for a widow's pension. See 1842 below.
1838: DEATH of ROBERT GUTHRIE
Robert Guthrie died at the age of 81 on 13 April 1838 in Franklin, Williamson, Tennessee.
A death notice was published by the 'Western Weekly Review' on 20 April 1838:
"ROBERT GUTHRIE, veteran of the Revolutionary War, died Williamson Co., Tenn., April 13, 1838 aged 82 years. Presbyterian."
1842: APPLICATION for REVOLUTIONARY WAR WIDOW'S PENSION
Original scans of the Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land Warrant Application File W.293 provided by the National Archives can be found at Fold3 containing 70 images.
"On the 20th day of January in the year of our Lord 1842, personally appeared before me, William R. Henry, Judge of the Ninth Judicial Circuit of the State of Tennessee in open court, Mary Guthrie, a resident of the said County and State aforesaid, aged about 81 years, who being first duly sworn according to law, doth swear and makes the following declaration, in order to obtain the benefit of the pension made by the Act of Congress and passed July 7th, 1836. That she is the widow of Robert Guthrie who was a Private of Infantry in the Revolutionary War."
1845: DEATH of WIFE, MARY TAYLOR GUTHRIE
Robert's widow, Mary, died on 5 January 1845.
There are 2 other copies of Robert's will in the TN Probate Court Files of Williamson County